The student loan interest deduction is a valuable tax break available to college students and parents who have taken out loans to finance education expenses. This deduction allows individuals to subtract up to $2,500 in interest paid on student loans from their taxable income.
However, with federal student loan payments paused since March 2020, many may wonder if they are eligible to claim this deduction on their taxes.
If no payments were made in 2022, there may be no interest to deduct. Yet, if payments were made towards capitalized federal loan interest or on non-federally owned loans like private student loans, individuals can still claim the deduction.
Who is eligible for student loan interest deduction?
To be eligible for the student loan interest deduction, one’s modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) must be less than $70,000 ($145,000 if filing jointly). Those with MAGIs between $70,000 and $85,000 ($175,000 if filing jointly) can deduct less than the maximum $2,500.
It’s important to note that this deduction is not an itemized deduction but is taken above the line, directly reducing taxable income. Qualifying individuals include those who used the loan for qualified education expenses, made interest payments while in school, took out the loan for a dependent, or were obligated to repay the loan.
Form 1098-E, the student loan interest deduction form, will be automatically sent to individuals who paid more than $600 in interest in 2022. Even if the total interest paid was less, individuals can still deduct the amount paid if they meet the eligibility criteria.
While the entire student loan payment amount is not tax-deductible, the interest portion can be deducted, providing significant tax savings.
Additionally, individuals can explore other education tax benefits such as the American opportunity credit, lifetime learning credit, or tuition and fees deduction to maximize tax savings.